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ORIGINAL RESEARCH
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 109-114

Stress analysis of different prosthesis materials in implant-supported fixed dental prosthesis using 3D finite element method


1 Department of Prosthodontics and Dental Students' Research Center, School of Dentistry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Daneshpajoohan Higher Education Institute, Isfahan, Iran
3 Department of Research, School of Dentistry, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah; Department of Prosthodontics and Dental Students' Research Center, School of Dentistry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Saber Khazaei
Department of Research, School of Dentistry, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Shariati St., Kermanshah and Dental Students' Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan
Iran
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Source of Support: This project was fi nancially supported by Vice Chancellery for Research and Technology, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran (Grant#189089). The results of present study also have been presented at 9th Iranian and 13th Kuwaiti Division of International Association for Dental Research, Tehran, Iran (December 2013) as poster presentation, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2155-8213.136757

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Introduction: In the present study, the finite element method (FEM) was used to investigate the effects of prosthesis material types on stress distribution of the bone surrounding implants and to evaluate stress distribution in three-unit implant-supported fixed dental prosthesis (FDP). Materials and Methods: A three-dimensional (3D) finite element FDP model of the maxillary second premolar to the second molar was designed. Three load conditions were statically applied on the functional cusps in horizontal (57.0 N), vertical (200.0 N), and oblique (400.0 N, θ = 120°) directions. Four standard framework materials were evaluated: Polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA), base-metal, porcelain fused to metal, andporcelain. Results: The maximum of von Mises stress in the oblique direction was higher than the vertical and horizontal directions in all conditions. In the bone-crestal section, the maximum von Mises stress (53.78 MPa) was observed in PMMA within oblique load. In FDPs, the maximum stress was generated at the connector region in all conditions. Conclusion: A noticeable difference was not observed in the bone stress distribution pattern with different prosthetic materials. Although, higher stress value could be seen in polymethyl methacrylate, all types of prosthesis yielded the same stress distribution pattern in FDP. More clinical studies are needed to evaluate the survival rate of these materials.


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