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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 87-91

Biological aspects of dental implant; Current knowledge and perspectives in oral implantology

1 Department of Prosthodontics, Shree Bankey Bihari Dental College and Research Centre, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Orthodontics, Institute of Dental Studies and Technologies (IDST), Modinagar, Ghaziabad, India
3 Woodside Specialty Dental Clinic, 51 - 23 queens Blvd, Office 1 Dentist Woodside, NY, USA
4 Department of Periodontics, Institute of Dental Studies and Technologies (IDST), Modinagar, Ghaziabad, India

Correspondence Address:
Meenu Goel
Department of Orthodontics, Institute of Dental Studies and Technologies (IDST), Modinagar, Ghaziabad
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2155-8213.116336

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The utilization of dental implants became a scientifically accepted treatment modality for the rehabilitation of fully and partially edentulous patients. The evolution of dental implants has completely changed dentistry. Implants can offer a number of benefits, from improved esthetics, to reducing bone loss, to improving denture retention for edentulous patients. Branemark et al., was the first person to examined submerged titanium implants with a machined surface in dogs and later called this procedure as osseointegration, which is now defined as "A direct structural and functional connection between ordered, living bone and the surface of a load-bearing implant." Commercially pure titanium is recognized today as a material of choice, since it is characterized by excellent biological and also good mechanical properties. In this comprehensive review, authors have sought to explore various biological aspects of dental implant as pertinent to clinical procedure so as to provide research foundation for the establishment of suitable strategies that can assist in successful implant therapy.

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